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China's packaging machinery industry status quo
China's packaging industry, the automation era began about 20 years ago, after a series of change and development, now fully electronic third-generation machines with all the advantages of servo technology, and set a new industry standard.
After more than 20 years of development, China's packaging machinery has become one of the top ten industries in the machinery industry. In 2009, the total output of special equipment for packaging nationwide totaled 63,290 units, of which Zhejiang ranked the first among all the provinces, reaching 16,952 units and Guangdong followed by 12,151 units. In addition, the output of Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Jilin, Jiangsu, Shandong and Hunan Very impressive.
However, at present, China's packaging industry is still in a large number of imported high-tech equipment production line situation. According to the data collected by the editors of China Pharmaceutical Machinery and Equipment Network, up to now, more than 100 domestic production lines have been imported into China, and a large number of aseptic packaging boxes and filling equipment used in the dairy industry have been mostly produced by foreign companies.
China's pharmaceutical packaging industry's annual output value of about 150 billion yuan, annual growth rate of more than 10%. But only to meet the needs of about 80% of domestic pharmaceutical companies, packaging materials, the contribution rate of the pharmaceutical industry is also low. In developed countries, packaging accounts for 30% of the value of the drug, whereas in China it is below 10%.
China's pharmaceutical packaging industry has always been a high-efficiency, low efficiency, high consumption of extensive growth, most of the pharmaceutical packaging quality is low. Too rely on foreign high-tech production equipment makes the development of China's packaging industry slow. And due to China's traditional concept of low-cost factors, the impact of pharmaceutical packaging little attention.
Structure analysis of the packaging machinery industry at this stage
Chinas packaging machinery generally lag behind the advanced countries, there are fewer varieties, fewer supporting the lack of high-precision and large-scale chemical products, can not well meet the market.
Compared with the developed countries, China's packaging machinery industry, products and technologies lagged behind for nearly 20 years, there are many gaps: lack of macro-planning, lack of capital investment, lack of professional and technical personnel is the top priority must solve the key issues.
Data show that in 2005 China's packaging machinery production has reached 670,000 units (sets), by 2010 will be increased to 930,000 units (sets). At present, China's packaging machinery has been Granville machinery industry in one of the top ten industries. However, China's export of packaging machinery is still less than 5% of the total output value of the industry, while imports are roughly equivalent to the total output value.
From the product structure, China's packaging machinery varieties only 1300 kinds, supporting a small number, the lack of high-precision and large-scale chemical products, can not meet market demand. Lack of relevant standards of product quality control, resulting in low performance products, the stability is not reliable, the lack of exquisite appearance of treatment, life expectancy is not long, etc., a direct result of product quality is not high.
At present, China still lays little emphasis on product development. At present, it basically stays in the testing and imitation stage. Its capability of self-development is weak and there is a lack of pilot bases for research and production. Scientific research funds account for only 1% of sales, while foreign countries are as high as 8% and 10%. As early as 2003, the global pharmaceutical packaging market reached 11.2 billion U.S. dollars, an average annual increase of nearly 5%. In 2006, it is estimated to have exceeded 13 billion U.S. dollars. The United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Italy dominate the largest market share in the world pharmaceutical packaging industry.
Must change the current packaging machinery industry's industrial structure:
We will step up market-oriented efforts, change low-price competition, shift from extensive reform to labor-intensive industries, intensify self-development efforts, and develop towards a more refined and diversified direction.
From a macro point of view, we should strengthen the guidance of the industry and industry coordination, the rational introduction of advanced equipment, the advantages of several industry forces, take the production, learning, research combination of road, organized and targeted digestion and absorption, scientific research, developed with Intellectual property packaging machinery, to break the monopoly of foreign technology and accelerate the upgrading of China's packaging technology and independent innovation capability.
Packaging machinery industry in the future direction of development
The next 20 to 30 years, China's packaging machinery industry there will be a good development scene. The world financial crisis has had little effect on China. At the beginning of the gradual recovery of the world economy, the Chinese economy has taken the lead in entering an era of steady and healthy development. The second packaging industry has been sustained and rapid development, the future situation is still optimistic. Expected: From 2011 to 2015, the total output value of the packaging industry can reach 600 billion yuan, an average annual growth rate of 6%. By 2015, paper packaging products will reach 36 million tons, 9.46 million tons of plastic packaging products, 4.91 million tons of metal packaging products, 15.5 million tons of glass packaging products and 1.2 million packaging machinery.
The future of packaging machinery will be in line with the trend of industrial automation, high intelligent CNC system, encoder and digital control components, power load control and other new smart devices direction. Equipment used in the operation of more independence, flexibility, operational accuracy, high efficiency and compatibility.
The development trend of new packaging machinery, process automation degree is higher and higher. At present, automation technology accounts for more than 50% in the packaging production line, making extensive use of computer design and mechatronic control to increase productivity, flexibility and flexibility of equipment, and increase the number of manipulators to complete complicated packaging actions. Each robot is controlled by a separate computer, the camera monitors the packaging action and feedback to the computer to adjust the range of motion, ensure the quality of packaging.
The main technologies involved are: fieldbus technology, sensor technology, transmission control technology, motion control technology, human-machine interface technology, logistics automation technology, automatic identification technology, safety detection technology and so on.
The future packaging machinery industry will move towards system integration
In the packaging machinery manufacturing process, often applied to the integration of technology. Mention packaging machinery manufacturing process, can not fail to mention MES (Manufacturing Execution System).
Industrial equipment are mostly used automation (mainly PLC) control, and PLC's mainstream brands currently on the market more than a dozen, Xiamen Yang Xing Industrial Machinery Co., Ltd. in the tobacco sorting, packaging equipment manufacturing process, the main equipment PLC using SIEMENSS7- 400, S7-200. In contrast, system integration technology is much more complex than industrial automation technology. System integration technology integrates the various separated devices (or devices from multiple vendors), functions and information into a coherent, unified and coordinated system through a structured cabling system and a computer network technology, so that resources To achieve full sharing, to achieve centralized, efficient and convenient management. System integration is the key to solve the interconnection and interoperability issues between systems, is a multi-vendor, multi-protocol and application-oriented architecture. This need to solve all kinds of equipment, subsystem interface, protocol, system platform, application software and subsystem, organization and management and staffing all the integration-oriented issues, such as how to dock different manufacturers PLC interface, how To dock the sorting and packaging equipment and coding equipment docking interface problems.
If the industrial equipment control system uses the same brand of PLC, to ensure that the main equipment and sub-equipment interface, protocol, data exchange to achieve unimpeded, to ensure that the production process does not appear data loss, signal interference and other issues in order to achieve production The process is efficient and accurate. If you adopt a different PLC brand, the lack of openness, different vendors have their own different standards and platforms, increasing the difficulty of docking between different PLC.
The higher the system integration requirements, the higher the requirements of industrial automation. System integrators face further challenges in the future: how to bring all of the devices together, with low system-wide costs, high efficiency, stable performance, and scalability and maintainability. In addition, it also involves how to apply automatic recognition technology, speech recognition technology and RFID technology to the packaging manufacturing industry in the future and how to make good use of these technologies. Internet of Things is the current more popular topic in the country, the future of the packaging industry will be more introduction of IoT technology, which even requires different manufacturers of different products tend to be consistent between the standards in order to achieve centralized, efficient and convenient management .
The packaging industry in the future will take the personalized development, packaging solutions to new programs, integrity, systematic development, alternative artificial trends. The improvement of the packaging industry depends on the development of the packaging machinery industry. Therefore, we must attach importance to the status of packaging machinery, and strive to actively promote the packaging industry to embark on a fast and healthy development of the road to automation.